Realtors and other real estate professionals eagerly look forward to the annual Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers. The Profile, published by the National Association of Realtors, provides insight into the preferences and decisions of home buyers and sellers. After thirty-five years of publication, the Profile has become somewhat of an important contribution to housing trends and economics. But did you know that the mortgage lender and the mortgage industry has a survey of their own?
The National Mortgage Database (NMDB) is a multiyear project conducted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (fhfa.gov) and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (consumerfinance.gov). The NMDB project incorporates two consumer surveys, the National Survey of Mortgage Originations and the American Survey of Mortgage Borrowers. The NMDB is meant to provide statutory guidance and lending policy direction. The database has yielded interesting data about how and why borrowers choose their mortgage lender, as well as their experiences and interactions during the mortgage process.
The NMDB has produced a colossal amount of data across many aspects of the consumer-mortgage lender relationship. The preliminary analysis indicated that consumers don’t really shop for a lender. Many home buyers use the mortgage lender recommended by their agents and others. Most notable is that about half of the home buyers surveyed only considered one mortgage lender. Not a surprise is that the small percentage of home buyers who apply to more than one lender are typically motivated by better terms (such as interest rate).
The mortgage lender is an important aspect of the home buying process. Unfortunately, the NMDB suggests that home buyers are not doing their homework, and possibly choosing their mortgage lenders for the wrong reasons. The mortgage process is an intricate dance between the buyer, the loan officer/processor and the underwriter. The mortgage lender can either provide a smooth and “stress free” closing, or a bumpy process that can cause anxiety and delays.
When you’re buying a home, “time is of the essence” (it states that on the first paragraph of your contract). Choosing the wrong lender can cause delays and potentially cost you money. Issues can occur with any mortgage lender at any time during the mortgage process. Problems can sometimes stem from the inexperience of the loan officer/processor, who does a poor job communicating what is needed from you. More often, issues arise during the underwriting process because of a slow turnaround time.
Believe it or not, many mortgage lenders have their loan officers, processors, and underwriters separated in different offices. Sometimes the different offices are located in different cities, which can add time to the process. Sometimes. lenders have their processing and underwriting all in the same office, which helps facilitate communication and a loan approval.
As a home buyer, RESPA gives you the right to choose your mortgage lender. The process of choosing the best lender for you should not be much different than choosing your Realtor. Ask your agent and others whom you respect for referrals. Do your homework and consider at least three of the referrals, if not more.
In addition to comparing interest rates, compare the lender fees. Lender fees can vary and can add unnecessary cost to your closing. Since you will be communicating with the loan officer and processor a great deal through the home buying process, talk to them to get a feel for how they interact with you. Besides to asking about their company, ask the loan officer about their background and experience. Find out how their underwriter operates and ask about the underwriting turnaround time. And make sure the lender is licensed. You can check a lender’s licensing by checking with the consumer portal of the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System (also known also known as the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System or the NMLS).
Copyright© Dan Krell
Disclaimer. This article is not intended to provide nor should it be relied upon for legal and financial advice. Readers should not rely solely on the information contained herein, as it does not purport to be comprehensive or render specific advice. Readers should consult with an attorney regarding local real estate laws and customs as they vary by state and jurisdiction. Using this article without permission is a violation of copyright laws.